Urologic Oncology is a field of medicine concerning the research and treatment of cancers of the urinary system for both men and women. Commonly, these include the cancers of the bladder and kidneys, as well as the testes and prostate. Cancers of the female reproductive system are treated by gynecologic oncologists.

We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Nephrology & Urology offer a wide range of services including transrectal ultrasound and biopsy, screening exams, diagnostic imaging, and treatment from surgery to radiation therapy. We have country’s leading urologic cancer specialists who treat the patients with utmost care and compassion. Our patients have access to the advanced experimental therapies being tested in clinical trials, patient education and other services.

We treat a number of cancers, including:

Prostate Cancer
Rectal Cancer
Renal Cancer
Urethral Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a cancer generally located in the small walnut-shaped gland near the urinary bladder in men that produces seminal fluid. The prostate is positioned on rectum-facing location, just below the bladder, where urine is stored.

Causes

Although the exact causes of a prostate cancer are unknown, but increasing age and high testosterone are common risk factors.

Symptoms

Frequent urination, especially at night
Interrupted or weak flow of urine
Difficulty in holding back urine
Painful or burning urination
Painful ejaculation
Difficulty in having an erection
Blood in semen or urine

Treatments

The treatment options for prostate cancer depend more on the growth and size of the cancer and condition of the patient. We treat prostate cancers through different procedures, including:

Radiation Therapy
Hormone Therapy
Surgery to remove the prostate
Freezing Prostate tissue
Chemotherapy
Immunotherapy
Rectal Cancer

The rectum is the lower part of the colon that links the large bowel to the anus. The commonest type of rectal cancer is called adenocarcinoma, which arises from the mucosa.

Causes

It usually develops over the years, primarily growing as a precancerous growth called a polyp. Some polyps may turn into cancer and begin to grow and penetrate the wall of the rectum.

Symptoms

Common symptoms to be aware of include:

Bleeding
Obstruction
Weight loss

A patient with the rectal cancer may have a sensation that the stool can’t be entirely evacuated after a bowel movement.

Treatment

The treatment of rectal cancer depends on the size, location and the stage of the cancer. The common treatment for the cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Renal Cancer

Renal cell carcinoma is the commonest type of kidney cancer and described as being one of the most lethal urological cancers. The cancer commonly originates in the lining of the proximal convoluted tabula, very small tubes in the kidneys responsible for transporting glomerular filtrate (GF) from the glomerulus to the descending limb of t he nephron.

Causes

Genetics
Age
Gender

Other factors that may cause renal cancer are:

Dialysis cancer
Horseshoe kidney
High blood pressure
Polycystic kidney disease

Symptoms

Back pain
Abdominal pain
Blood in urine
Flank pain
Weight loss
Swelling in the veins around a testicle
Excessive hair growth in women
Pale skin
Vision problems

Treatment

The treatment depends upon the type, severity, size location and the age and condition of the patient. Some common treatments are:

Surgery

        Radical Nephrectomy
        Nephron-sparing partial nephrectomy
        Laparoscopic nephrectomy
        Surgery for metastatic disease
Targeted ablative therapies
        Radio frequency ablation
        Cryoablation

Chemotherapy
Vaccine

Urethral Cancer

Urethral Cancer is a rare cancer which is more common in women than men. There are several types of urethral cancers that begin in cells that line the urethra.

Causes

Having a history of bladder cancer
Being 60 or older
Having conditions that cause chronic, swollen, and reddened part in the urethra
Being a white female

Symptoms

Blood in the urine or bleeding in the urethra
Urination occurs often
Weak or interrupted flow of urine
Discharge from the urethra
Enlarged lymph nodes in the groin area

Treatment
Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the common procedures available for treating urethral cancer.

Locations