The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, the bladder, the ureters and the urethra, and mainly responsible for removing the excess water and waste from the body. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the commonest types of infection usually caused by microbes such as bacteria overcoming the human body’s defense in the urinary tract. UTIs are common among women than men.

UTIs may affect the bladder, kidneys, and the tubes that run between them. Urinary tract infections are given names depending on the location:

Bladder infection- cystitis
Urethra infection- urethritis
Kidney infection- pyelonephritis

We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Nephrology & Urology provide instant and intensive care for all kinds of urinary tract infections. With an expert team of prominent nephrologists and urologist, we diagnose and treat our patients with utmost care and compassion. The institute treats thousands of kidney and UTI patients each year.

Causes

The most of UTI cases are often caused by the bacteria, named Escherichia coli (E. coli), found in the digestive system. UTIs don’t discriminate among its victims and people of any age and gender can develop UTIs.

Given below factors can increase the risks of developing UTI:

Frequent, and intense sexual intercourse with multiple or new partners
Diabetes
Having a urinary catheter
Problem emptying the bladder
Kidney stones
Bowel incontinence
Blocked flow urine
Pregnancy
Some forms of contraception
Procedures involving the urinary tract
Menopause
Immobility for a long period
Suppressed immune system
Heavy antibiotics
Use of spermicides and tampons

Symptoms

The symptoms of a urinary tract infection depend more on age, gender, the presence of a catheter, and the part of the urinary tract that has been infected. Common symptoms may include:

Strong and frequent urge to urinate
Pain and burning sensation while urinating
Bloody, cloudy, or strong smelling urine
Muscle aches and abdominal pains
Nausea and vomiting

Treatment

Since UTIs are commonly caused by bacteria, they are often treated with antibiotics or antimicrobials. The length and type of medication depend on the patient’s symptoms and history. The course of the treatment is recommended so that the infections get cleared fully. UTI symptoms may disappear even before the infection is completely gone.

Consuming a lot of liquid or water is also suggested so that frequent urination flushes out the bacteria. Different pain relief medication can also be prescribed to alleviate pain. Application of a heating pad to the abdomen or back may also help.

Complicated UTIs that commonly occur after the conditions, such as pregnancy and heart transplant require longer periods of antibiotics.

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