• Benign Stricture- This is the commonest cause of the narrowing of the esophagus. Benign means that it isn’t caused by cancer. The basic abnormality is excessive acid reflux from the stomach up into the esophagus that results in an inflammatory reaction commonly in the lower esophagus. This inflammation often leads to the scarring after repeated injury and healing. At the end, scar tissue is formed and a benign stricture occurs in the form of a concentric ring narrowing the opening of the esophagus.
• Malignant Stricture- Narrowing of the esophagus may also be caused by cancerous (malignant) conditions. This form of cancer is commonly related to smoking and excessive alcohol ingestion. It is frequent in men than women. Esophageal cancer may develop everywhere along the esophagus, but it’s frequent in the lower portion.
• Pain with swallowing
• Trouble swallowing
• Unintentional weight loss
• Regurgitation of food or liquids
Treatment for benign esophageal stricture may differ on the basis of severity and condition of the patient.