Any kind of tumor or growth on the spine, cancerous or non-cancerous, can press upon the nerves and causes pain, neurological defects and in some cases paralysis. Loss of sensation or muscle weakness, difficulty in walking, sometimes leading to falls and loss of bladder or bowel function are some other symptoms of spinal tumors.

They can be classified according to their location:

Extradural - outside the dura mater lining (commonest)
Intramedullary - inside the spinal cord
Intradural - part of the dura mater lining
Extramedullary - inside the dura but outside the spinal cord

Surgeons at Vimhans PrimaMed Hospitals treat spinal tumors effectively even in the most inaccessible areas. Latest technology high-powered microscopes that we use in surgeries help removing even delicately placed intradural tumors. Total Spondylectomy - removal of the vertebra is performed as a definitive cure is also done for some spinal tumors.

What are Spine Tumors?

Spine tumors are basically an abnormal growth of tissue found inside the spinal column. Tumors that originate in the spine are rare and often called primary tumors. They can either be non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).

The most of the tumors occur from uncontrolled growth among cells that are present in the spinal column while some tumors are related to a specific disease or to radiation exposure. However, the real cause behind the majority of spine tumors is unknown and they are neither contagious nor preventable.

A metastatic or secondary tumor results from spine cancer reside in another part of the body. This is a malignant tumor and is often classified by its location in the spine- cervical, lumbar, thoracic, or sacrum. Below is the list of types of cancer that frequently lead to a spine tumor:

Lung cancer
Prostate cancer
Breast cancer
Thyroid cancer
Kidney cancer

Common symptoms of a spine tumor include:

Back pain that doesn’t improve after rest
Spinal deformity
Partial paralysis
Difficulty controlling bladder

What are our treatments/procedures for spine tumors?

Pain and swelling can well be managed through the use of steroids and analgesics. Your family doctor may also recommend you wear a brace to minimize pain and increase spinal stability. Depending on the type of tumor you have, its location, and your medical condition, effective treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery of the tumor. If surgical removal is not possible due to some reasons, our surgeons perform embolization, which limits blood flow to the tumor.

Surgery is typically recommended when:

Other treatments have failed to relieve pain.
Some spinal vertebrae have destructed.
Spine stabilization is necessary
Nerves are compressed.
A biopsy is needed.

Spine tumor surgery commonly involves the partial or total removal of the spine tumor. Spinal fusion may also be used to reconstruct and stabilize the spine. This procedure includes joining the bones together with bone grafts for providing stability.