Spinal tumor refers to the abnormal growth of the uncontrolled tissues or cells in and around the spinal cord. Tumors can be cancerous or non-cancerous. Some of the most common non-cancerous (benign) spinal tumors are osteoblastoma, osteoma, hemangioma, and osteochondroma. Most commonly occurring cancerous (malignant) spinal tumors are Ewing’s sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Tumors that begin in the spine are known as the primary spinal tumors. While tumors that spread to the spine from other parts such as the prostate, breast, lung, and other areas are commonly called the secondary spinal tumors.
We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery believe that a minimal spinal surgery is a very powerful tool to remove tumors. Our expert surgeons offer our patients a small incision and a speedy recovery. The minimal invasive procedures allow other treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation to start earlier than previous possible.
The causes of primary spinal tumors are not known, but may occur due to genetic defects.
Secondary spinal tumors come into being when the cancer cells arise from lungs, kidneys, breasts, and spreads to the spine. The causes include:
• Rapid division of cancer cells in the bones, nerves or cartilage of the spine
• Exposure to radiations and chemicals