Spinal Deformity is any abnormality of the alignment, formation, or shape of the vertebral column. Spinal Deformities are also known as curvy spine and misshaped spine. The human spine has gentle curvatures, but when these curves are exaggerated, extreme, or displaced they are considered deformities. Some deformities are precise and cannot be detected easily in a growing child. Symptoms of spine deformities include:

Uneven Shoulder
A Protruding Shoulder Blade
Uneven Hips
Misalignment Of The Head Over The Midline Of The Body
Fatigue May Also Be Reported With Long Periods Of Sitting And Standing.

Vimhans PrimaMed is one of the few hospitals in India to perform deformity correction surgeries. The correction of spinal deformities is a complex surgical procedure and needs world class expertise, experience, and latest technology equipment. At Vimhans PrimaMed, effective deformity surgeries have been performed for a very long time, under the supervision of experienced surgeons ensuring the best results.

Possible Causes of Spinal Deformity

Scoliosis and Kyphosis

Scoliosis and kyphosis are curvatures of the human spine. Most common in teenagers, though, these deformities affect children and adults as well. In the majority of patients these deformities are non-progressive, but in some patients, scoliosis and kyphosis continue to progress throughout the life, resulting into cosmetic and functional issues and sometimes painful and occasionally dangerous curvatures that must be treated through spine stabilization surgery.


Uneven shoulder or waistline
Leaning slightly to one side
One or sometimes both shoulder blades sticking out
A hump on a side of the back


Spondylolisthesis is a different deformity of the spine where one vertebra slips forward in relation to the one below. This can occur due to a defect or stress fracture in the arch component of the spine's vertebrae. On rare occasions the slippage of the vertebrae can result into spinal nerve irritation by compression causing pain down the leg or even numbness and or muscle weakness.


Low back pain
Thigh or leg pain
Muscle spasm


Non-operative Treatment

Scoliosis and kyphosis treatment procedures and methods commonly depend on your age, how much more you are supposed to grow, the pattern and degree of your spine's curve, the intensity of pain, functional limitation & cosmetic appearance of the spine. Bracing is commonly used to temporarily halt the worsening of the curve.

In certain cases, Vimhans PrimaMed surgeons specialize in using a minimal invasive technique in spine stabilization surgery for ensuring quicker recovery and a short stay at hospital.


Non-operative Treatment

To reduce pain and muscle spasm, physicians may prescribe acetaminophen, muscle relaxants, or anti-inflammatory agents. Physical therapy and non-aerobic exercises may also be used to improve flexibility of the trunk muscles. Other non-operative procedures may involve a custom-made brace or corset commonly designed to reduce the pressure on the lower back.

Surgical Treatment

Spine stabilization surgery is done when the spondylolisthesis irritates a nerve leading to the numbness or weakness of the leg or incontinence. The aim of stabilization surgery is to eliminate the pressure on spinal nerves and stabilizing the spine. Spinal fusion and spinal instrumentation are both used during spine stabilization surgery.

For spinal fusion the surgeon uses the patient’s own bone harvested from the pelvis, donor bone is the other option. Spinal instrumentation involves specifically designed implants such as screws, hooks, cages, wires and rods.