Spine deformities refer to any abnormality of the alignment, formation, or shape of the vertebral column. Spine deformity is also known as curvy spine and misshaped spine. The normal spine has gentle curvatures, but when those curves are extreme, exaggerated, or displaced they are considered deformities. Some symptoms and signs of spine deformities are:

Uneven hips
Uneven shoulders
Misalignment of the head over the midline of the body
A protruding shoulder blade

Some common spinal deformities are:

Scoliosis and Kyphosis
Spondylolisthesis

Scoliosis and Kyphosis

Scoliosis and Kyphosis refer to the presence of an abnormal curvature of the human spine. This condition may affect the cervical, thoracic and lumbar region of the spine. The curves often present and an S-or C-shape. These may be categorized as non-structural- meaning curve is temporary and the spine is normal, structurally, or structural, meaning the spine has a fixed curve.

Causes

Birth defect
Neuromuscular disorder
Injury or infection of the spine

Most of adults develop scoliosis during their childhood or teenage years and likely diagnosed later in life. It may also cause other spine conditions, such as spinal stenosis and foraminal stenosis.

Symptoms

Uneven shoulder or waist
One prominent shoulder blade
One hip that is higher than the other
Back and neck pain
Numbness, cramps and shooting pain in the legs
Difficulty breathing

Treatments

Non-surgical treatments may be recommended to relieve the pain. They may include physical therapy, pain medication, and exercise.

If traditional treatments fail to treat or relieve your symptoms after a few weeks, Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery isthere to help you. Our minimal invasive decompression and stabilization procedures treat scoliosis in the lower back.

For instance, our minimally invasive procedures, such as a lateral lumbar interbody fusion and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), will help you improving the deformity in your lumbar spine. On the other hand, our stabilization procedures hold many advantages as an alternative to a conservative open back fusion.

Our advanced procedures help stabilize, avoid unnecessary muscle damage and enable our patients to experience a faster recovery than those who choose traditional open spine surgery.

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis is a degenerative spine condition causing severe pain and stiffness in the back of neck, and making routine tasks like walking or household chores very difficult. In case you are felling pain and difficulty walking or standing for an extended amount of time, or if picking up something off the floor or bending to tie your shoes is becoming increasingly impossible, you need to schedule an appointment with a medical expert to determine whether spondylolisthesis is to blame of your problem.

Causes

Spondylolisthesis occurs due to the displacement of one vertebra over another, or slippage in any direction. It is commonly found within the lumber region of the spine. Some other causes of spondylolisthesis are:

Aging
Congenital condition
Sports injury
Trauma to the spine
Heavy weight lifting

Symptoms

Stiffness or tightness in the back muscles
Pain in the buttocks and the thighs
Radiating pain
Numbness and tingling
Weakness

Loss of function in the group of muscles

Treatment

In case surgery has become a consideration, you can explore several options. For example, conventional open back surgery may be a treatment option for the nerve compression, however, minimally invasive spine surgery may offer more benefits, such as quicker recovery and lower complication rates.

At Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery, we offer different minimally invasive decompression spine surgeries, which is very effective for the patients with spondylolisthesis and other degenerative spine conditions. For example, a patient should consider the given below surgeries in order to treat nerve compression in the spine:

Foraminotomy – A surgeon, during this procedure, removes the bone matter and tissues, compressing a nerve in the spinal canal.
Laminotomy- In this procedure, a surgeon commonly removes part of the lamina to help relieve spinal cord compression.
Facet thermal ablation- During this procedure, the surgeon usually deadens a nerve ending and cleans a facet joint for reducing pain and other symptoms. The institute also performs minimal invasive stabilization procedures that can be an impeccable alternative for the patients recommended for a traditional spine fusion procedure.

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