We understand that emergencies like snake bite or poisoning require immediate attention and every single second matters in these cases. We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Emergency & Trauma Services provide quick and comprehensive care for patients suffering from poisoning, snake bite, or animal bite. Our team of qualified physicians in the institute is specialized in managing poisoning, snake bite and animal bite emergencies. Our state-of-the-art institute is equipped with latest tools and technologies used in treating snake bite, animal bite, poisoning and other emergency cases.

Poisoning

Poisons are substances that are harmful when they get into human body. Poisoning occurs when a toxin is swallowed, breathed in, absorbed or injected into the skin, or get into the eyes. Poisoning can be a medical emergency. In most cases, poisoning

Occurs in the home
Is acute
May be intentional or unintentional
Involves children under the age of 6

Personal care products, household cleaning products, and prescription medications are common causes for acute childhood poisoning.

Symptoms

Symptoms of poisoning may vary from mild, to moderate, to severe. However common symptoms of poisoning include:

Behavior changing
Dizziness
Diarrhea
Fatigue
Headache
Fever
Thirst
Low blood pressure
Blurred vision
Drooling
Difficulty breathing
Sweating, and
Trembling etc

Treatment

The treatment for poisoning depends more on the type of exposure, specific toxin, and the severity of the person’s condition. In severe poisoning cases, the goal of initial treatments is basic life support, such as perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), prevent or treat shock, and treat serious burns. The goal of treating childhood poisoning is to reduce absorption and increase elimination of the toxin and provide supportive care.

Snake Bite

A physical puncturing wound caused by the fangs of a venomous snake leading to a bunch of symptoms such as pain and vomiting, paralysis and sometimes death, qualifies as a snake bite.

Symptoms

Typical symptoms that accompany a snake bite include:

Bleeding from the wound
Two fang marks that look punctured
Localised inflammation
Change in the skin
Tremendous pain around the bite
Diarrhea and fever
Difficulty in breathing
Stomach ache and headache
Nausea and vomiting
Allergic reactions
Shock and convulsions
Blurred vision
Increased perspiration and salivation
Paralysis
Tiredness and muscle weakness
Rapid pulses
Thirst
Low blood pressure

Treatment and First Aid

Note the appearance of the snake. Describe the snake to the emergency staff.

While waiting for medical help:

Have the person lie down with wound below the heart
Move the person beyond striking distance of the snake
Cover the wound with loose, sterile bandage
Try to keep the person calm and at rest Remove any jewelry from the bitten area
Remove shoes of the leg or foot is bitten

Every bite is not life-threatening. If snake-bite is life-threatening, the medical expert may administer a course of anti-venom. A wound caused by snake bite is often cleaned up, disinfected and treated promptly.

Animal Bite

Animal bites are very common. Most of them are caused by cats and dogs. Cat bites may look minor, but they can be serious because a fang puncture can leave bacteria deep on the wound.

Following guidelines can help you care for a minor animal bite:

Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water
Apply an antibiotic and cover the bite with a clean bandage

You need to seek prompt attention if:

The wound is a deep puncture and you are unsure of its seriousness
You see increasing redness, swelling, pain or oozing
The skin is torn badly and bleeding significantly
You have questions about the risks of rabies or about rabies prevention. In case the bite is caused by a dog or a cat, try to confirm that its rabies vaccination is up to date. If the bite is caused by a wild animal, seek advice from the doctor about the animals which are most likely to carry rabies.

You have not had a tetanus shot in the past five years and the wound is deep and dirty.

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