Pigmentation literally means coloring. Skin pigmentation affects the color of the skin. The skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin produce melanin. If these cells are unhealthy or damaged, it affects melanin production. Excess production of melanin causes dark spots on the skin. This condition is called hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation commonly refers to the areas to the skin where excess of melanin has been produced and formed deposits, resulting in skin patches that appear darker than surrounding skin. Common skin areas of pigmentation are face, arms, and hands.

We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery have a team of qualified cosmetic surgeons and dermatologists, specialize in providing advanced treatments for pigmentation.

Causes

Common causes of pigmentation include:

Hormonal changes
Sun exposure
Heredity
Acne
Botched skin treatments

In a condition when hyperpigmentation is caused by acne, botched skin treatment, or other cause of skin inflammation, it is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).

Treatments

Intense Pulsed Light (Photofacial) – treatment with intense pulsed light is frequently advised by doctors in order to treat hyperpigmentation.

Chemical Peel- A deeper phenol peel or TCA peel are also used for treating pigmentation. If not done by an experienced clinician, pigmentation irregularities and scarring may occur.

Laser Peel- There are a number of laser resurfacing treatments that may be performed in order to reduce hyperpigmentation. Fractional lasers and CO2 lasers are most popular choices for skin resurfacing.

Topical Skin Lightening Products- Products containing skin lightening ingredients, such as retinoids, hydroquinone, kojic acid, and vitamin C are frequently used to reduce hyperpigmentation.

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