Neuromuscular disorders generally affect the nerves that take control over voluntary muscles and the nerves that send/communicate sensory information back to the brain. Neurons (nerve cells) receive and send electrical messages to and from the body to help control the voluntary muscles. When the neurons die or become unhealthy, the communication between the nervous system and muscles breaks down. Consequently, muscles weaken and waste away.
At Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Electrical Physiology we have a perfect blend of the latest treatments, support and education. Our team of renowned neuromuscular specialists works with you so that they could develop a personalized treatment plan to help you stay active and independent.
Neuromuscular disorders can be categorized as:
• muscular dystrophies – involving the structure of the muscle cells
• motor neuron diseases – involving nerve cells in the spinal cord
• peripheral motor neuron diseases – involving muscle-controlling nerve cells of the legs, arms, neck and face
• myopathies – involving tone and contraction of muscles controlling voluntary movements. It may also include inflammation of muscles or related tissues
• metabolic diseases of the muscle – involving errors in metabolism in producing energy in muscle cells
• neuromuscular junction diseases – involving the site where nerves and muscles meet
• neuropathies- involving nerve finer supplying skin/ muscle & other organs.
Most of the acute causes are controllable by various therapies especially immune therapies & their early recognition is essential for good outcome. There is no specific cure for many chronic neuromuscular disorders, but some conditions can be effectively managed and treated. Some interventions include:
• Drug Therapy- Immunosuppressive drugs can be suggested to treat certain muscle and nervedisorders and diseases of the nerve-muscle junctions.
• Managing the underlying disorders like diabetes management, helps in controlling the neuromuscular disorders.
• Referrals to appropriate specialists- Patients suffer from neuromuscular disorders mayreceive referrals to surgeons for neurological surgery, orthopedic surgery, thoracic surgery or other types of surgery.
• Patient and family education and counseling – Besides individual and family sessions,treatment may also include referral to appropriate support groups or the genetic counselors.