Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease (in which the immune system attacks healthy body cells) that primarily affects the brain and spinal cord causing:

Muscle spasms
Loss of balance
Numbness or abnormal sensation in any area
Problems walking
Problems moving arms or legs
Tremor in one or more arms or legs
Problems with coordination and making small movements
Weakness in one or more arms or legs

Causes

Multiple sclerosis (MS) commonly affects women more than men. The problem is generally traced between ages 20 and 40, but it can occur at any age. MS is usually caused by damage to the myelin sheath, covering that surrounds nerve cells. Family history is the other reason behind the emergence of the MS.

Multiple Sclerosis And Other Demyelinating Disorders

Treatment

At Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Electrical Physiology, we provide treatment aimed at controlling the symptoms and helping patients to maintain a normal way of life through excellent care and monitoring. We have prominent experts who offer consultations, comprehensive consultation and therapies for the condition with a team including neurologists, urologists, ophthalmologists, physical & occupational therapists with neuropsychologists.

Demyelinating Disorders

A demyelinating disease is any condition that causes damage to the myelin sheath (protective covering) that surrounds nerve fibers in human brain and spinal cord. When the myelin sheath is damaged, nerve impulses slow down or even stop, commonly causing neurological problems. MS is the commonest demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Other demyelinating disorders and their cause involve:

Optic neuritis- inflammation of one or both eyes
Transverse myelitis — inflammation of the spinal cord
Devic’s disease (Neuromyelitis optica)- inflammation and demyelination of the central nervous system, mainly of the optic nerve and spinal cord
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis — inflammation of the spinal cord and brain
Adrenoleukodystrophy and adrenomyeloneuropathy — very rare, inherited metabolic disorders

Treatment

Treatment basically rests upon:
Minimizing the effects of the attack
Managing the symptoms
Modifying the course of the disorder with disease modifying drugs.

Our world class specialists treat symptoms through effective physical therapy, muscle relaxing drugs, and medications to minimize pain and fatigue.

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