Each disc of the spine is usually designed like a jelly donut. When the disc degenerates, due to age of injury, the soft central portion may rupture (herniate) through the surrounding outer ring. This abnormal rupture is referred to as a disc herniation. This is also referred to as a slipped disc. The common location for the occurrence of herniated disc is in the disc level between the fifth and fourth lumbar vertebrae in the lower back. This particular area constantly absorbs the impact of bearing the entire weight of the upper body. This importantly works while sitting or standing.

A herniated disc irritates nearby nerves and results in pain, numbness or weakness in an arm or leg. Also, many people experience no symptoms from a herniated disc. In most cases herniated disc don't need surgery to correct the problem.

At Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery, we understand the helplessness and frustration that you feel after months or years of treatment with no relief. Instead of simply treating the symptoms of pain, our main goal is to treat your condition at the source of the problem. We offer safer and effective alternative to traditional open surgery.

Causes

Disc herniation is often the outcome of a gradual, aging-related wear and tear called disc degeneration. With ageing, spinal disks lose some of their water content and become dehydrated. This condition makes them less flexible and prone to tearing or rupturing with even a minor twist or strain.

People in most cases cannot pinpoint the exact cause of their herniated disc. Occasionally, using the back muscles instead of leg and thigh muscles to lift heavy objects can lead to a herniated disc, as can twisting and turning while lifting. In rare cases, a traumatic event like a fall or a blow to the back can cause a herniated disc.

Symptoms

Herniated disks commonly occur in the lower back (lumbar spine), although they may also occur in your neck (cervical spine). The most common symptoms and signs of a herniated disc are:

Leg or arm pain- If the herniated disc is in the lower back, it typically leads to the most intense pain in the buttocks, thigh and calf. It may involve part of the foot as well. In case the herniated disc is in the neck, the pain will typically be intense in the shoulder and arm. This pain may shoot into the arm or leg while coughing, sneezing or moving the spine into certain positions.

Numbness or tingling- People who suffer from a herniated disc commonly experience tingling or numbness in the body parts.

Weakness- The muscles served by the affected nerves tend to weaken. This may lead you to stumble, or impair your ability to hold or lift items.

Treatment

If non-surgical procedures fail to respond to your problem or relive the pain, surgical is the only way out for reducing your pain and improving the quality of life. We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery offer two types of surgery to treat a herniated disc:

Minimally Invasive Stabilization Surgery
Minimally Invasive Decompression Surgery

Minimally Invasive Stabilization Surgery

Our minimally invasive stabilization surgery is a safer and effective alternative to the traditional open back fusion. During this procedure, the surgeon would make a small incision in the back in order to access the spine. Our experienced surgeons commonly use precise, muscle-sparing techniques to avoid the cutting and tearing of the muscles along the spine for reducing the scarring and recovery time.

Minimally Invasive Decompression Surgery

This surgery is usually used for treating milder instances of herniated discs. The surgeon, during the procedure, will make a small, one-inch incision along the spine. Then, the damaged portion of the disc will be removed, enabling the impacted nerve in the spinal canal to be freed.

All of our minimally invasive surgeries are performed as outpatient procedures, meaning our patients can return to their home the very day when the surgery was performed, as long as they are under the exceptional supervision of a caretaker.

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