There are more than 100 types of headaches, and they can be harmless to life-threatening. Headache can be classified as primary and secondary headaches.
Primary headaches are responsible for more than 90% of all headache complaints in whichtension-type headache and migraine are the commonest. Secondary headaches are usually caused by an underlying condition like meningitis or a brain tumor. Headaches may also be the cause of problems elsewhere in the head or neck.
The suffering of a Migraine patient is not easy to understand by those who have never experienced it. Having treated a number of patients with migraine and other headaches, neurologists at Vimhans PrimaMed have gained significant expertise in all kinds of Headache treatments.
Every day our patients are seen and checked in the outpatient clinic or indoor department. Patients are commonly treated by consultation or admitted for refractory headaches, as deemed necessary.
Signs & Symptoms of Migraine
The typical headache of migraine commonly begins on one side of head around the eye or forehead. It then gradually grows in severity and spreads to the one-half of the head; sometimes it may involve the entire head. It’s quite severe and accompanied by vomiting, nausea, and sensitivity to sound and light.
For recurrent headaches, migraine prophylaxis with drugs like propranolol, antitryptilline, sodium valproate, etc.
There are some unusual primary headaches which are not migraine & have a different management. Their recognition is essential to give maximum relief to the patient. It includes trigeminal neuralgia, cluster headache, indomethacin responsive cephalalgia, etc. Since all headaches are not migraine, a headache cannot be called migraine if it doesn’t fulfill the above mentioned criteria of migraine. Other serious headaches may be caused by:
• Brain tumor
• Temporal arteritis
• Rise or Low in intracranial pressure
• Thrombosis of cerebral veins
• Meningitis, encephalitis
• Dissection of vessels
• Brain hemorrhage
If you experience headaches on a regular basis, it’s advised to keep a diary for documenting when your headache starts, and other relevant things. There could be a number of treatment options available for curing different types of headaches. For instance, head massage may assist you to relieve headache symptoms. Making some lifestyle changes, plenty of exercises, stretching the neck and back muscles may make you feel better.
Acupuncture is another option that has been found to be effective in chronic headaches of both tension type & migraine type. Psychological treatments are basically considered in those patients who are unresponsive to the medication.
Our centre has the team to recognise & manage them with appropriate drugs. For resistant cases, specialised therapy like
• Gamma knife is available for trigeminal neuralgia
• Botox therapy for migraine.