• neck of jaw pain
• a fast heartbeat
• shoulder or arm pain
• nausea and vomiting
• shortness of breath when you are physically active
The conditions causing myocardial ischemia include:
• Blood clot- the plaques developed in atherosclerosis can rupture, resulting in a blood clot. The clot may block an artery and lead to severe myocardial ischemia, leading to a heart attack.
• Coronary artery disease- Plaques made up commonly of cholesterol build up the artery walls and restricts the blood flow. This condition is also called atherosclerosis and is the most common cause of myocardial ischemia.
• Coronary artery spasm- this is an uncommon cause of myocardial ischemia.
Chest pain connected to myocardial ischemia may be triggered by:
• Physical exertion
• Emotional stress
• Cocaine use
• Cold temperature
Depending on the severity of the condition, treatment of myocardial ischemia is aimed at improving blood blow to the heart muscle. Therefore, the patient with myocardial ischemia may be treated with medications, surgery or both.
When medications don’t respond, more aggressive treatments are needed to improve the blood flow. Procedures include, Angioplasty and stenting, coronary artery bypass surgery, and enhanced external counterpulsation.
Hemorrhage- It’s a type of stroke caused by an artery in the brain bursting and resulting in localized bleeding in the surrounding tissues. The bleeding kills brain cells.