The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, located on either side of the spine. Kidneys are responsible for purifying the blood by removing harmful waste and excess fluid from the body. When the kidneys do not work properly, dialysis is commonly used for performing the functions of the kidneys.

We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Nephrology & Urology offer patients life-saving solutions for chronic kidney failures. The institute has a top class team of nephrologists and urologists specialize in latest techniques and procedures.

When is dialysis used?

The kidneys prevent waste, extra water, and other impurities from accumulating in the body. They also help us control the blood pressure and regulate the levels of chemicals in the blood, such as salt, sodium, and potassium. They also produce a form of vitamin D that helps improving the absorption of calcium. When kidneys cannot perform these functions, due to diseases or injury, dialysis helps keep the body functioning as normally as possible. In the absence of dialysis, salts and other waste products will accumulate in your blood and poison the body. However, dialysis is not a cure for kidney diseases or other conditions affecting the kidneys.

What does dialysis do?

Removes extra water, salt and waste to prevent them from accumulating in the body
Maintains a safe level of specific chemicals in the blood, including sodium, potassium and bicarbonate
Helps controlling the blood pressure

Types of dialysis

There are two types of dialysis, including:

Hemodialysis- It involves diverting the blood into an external machine, where it is filtered before being transferred to the body.

Peritoneal Dialysis- It includes pumping dialysis fluid into the space inside the abdomen in order to draw waste products from the blood passing through vessels lining the inside of the abdomen.

Dialysis can serve the same function as the kidneys until the kidneys repair and begin to work on their own. However, in chronic kidney diseases or end-stage kidney disease, the kidneys rarely get better. A patient must go on dialysis permanently or until a kidney transplant becomes an option.