Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is not actually a disease, but a term that is used to describe the normal changes in the spinal discs with aging. Spinal discs are usually soft, compressible discs separating the interlocking bones that make up the spine. The discs absorb the shockfor the spine, enabling it to flex, bend and twist. We at Vimhans PrimaMed offer a team of highly experienced Orthopedic surgeons trained in minimal invasive procedures. Our qualified surgeons correct your problems with the help of latest equipments and techniques.


Degenerative disc disease (DDD) may take place throughout the spine, but it often occurs in the discs in the lumbar region (lower back) and the cervical region (neck). Degeneration makes discs to become dehydrated and lose the ability to act as a shock absorber. These conditions put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in the pain and possibly affecting nerve function.

The breakdown of disc tissue will lead to spinal stenosis, herniated discs or bone spurs. Some degenerative discs may also be a source of lower back pain or neck pain even without the presence of spinal stenosis. Our pain-mapping program at Vimhans PrimaMed includes several diagnostic tests allowing the specialists at the Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery to pinpoint and treat the specific area causing pain.

The commonest cause of degenerative disc disease is routine wear and tear, which is a part of the natural aging process.

Risk Factors

Different risk factors that may accelerate the occurrence degenerative disc disease are:

Hobbies or occupations which require heavy lifting or repetitive motion
Genetic Predisposition
Weight Gain


Although some degeneration is expected with age, but not all degeneration is symptomatic. Some people feel no pain, while many others with the same amount of disc damage experience severe pain that even limits their activities.

Where the pain occurs generally depends on the location of the affected disc. A degenerative disc in the cervical spine may cause neck or arm pain, while a degenerative disc in the lumbar spine may cause pain in the legs, back or buttocks. The pain gets worse with the movements such as lifting, bending or twisting.

Degenerative Disc in the Neck

Discs in the cervical spine commonly protect cervical bones through providing cushion and absorbing shock. Healthy cervical discs on the other hand provide structural height and flexibility between vertebral bone to prevent friction, which may lead to pain and other related structural problems. When these discs start degenerating and breaking down with time, they often lose their natural disc height, shrink and even bulge or tear. This phenomenon, which is natural as we age, is called degenerative disc disease.

Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

DDD is hardly a disease and more a term used to describe the deterioration of the intervertebral discs in the spine. Degenerative of lumbar discs is usually a part of aging and majority of people over the age of 40 will have some disc degeneration in the spine.


The Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery provides degenerative disc disease treatment for the patients experiencing the painful symptoms related to degenerative discs.

More often patients with pain occurred due to degenerative disc disease can seek relief using conservative methods such as Medication, Physical therapy, and Pain management injections.

If these conservative methods are not responding to the problem, surgery may be required. At the, Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery we offer effective alternatives to traditional open back or neck surgery.

Our skilled surgeons at the institute are able to treat conditions associated with degenerative disc disease through highly specialized minimally invasive procedures. For most of the procedures incisions are less than one-inch and surgeons effectively remove bone spurs, relieve nerve compression and remove extruded disc material, therefore reducing pain while minimizing surgical trauma. The astonishing approach leads to faster recovery and lesser hospital stay.