Dark circles are dark blemishes around the eyes. They are known with different names including periorbital hyperpigmentation, periorbital circles, or periorbital melanosis. They may be associates with under-eye puffiness, malar festoons, and bags etc.

There are commonly two types of dark circles: Blue and Brown/black. The blue circles are commonly formed due to pooling of oxygenated blood in under-eye skin. However black/brown dark circles are the most common. They occur due to hyperpigmentation of skin around the eye.

Our outstanding dermatologists at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery provide most advanced, safe, and effective treatments for every kind of dark circles.

Causes

Dark circles can be caused by a number of things from heredity to allergies and poor sleep. Common causes of dark circles are related to facial aging, lifestyle choices, and also include other causes:

Facial Aging
Volume loss or fat descent in the cheeks
Lower eyelid laxity
Under eye volume loss
Thinning under eye skin
Bulging under eye fat

Lifestyle Choices
Smoking
Caffeine consumption
Hyperpigmentation caused by sun damage
Sleep depravity
Dehydration
Dietary deficiencies

Other Causes
Allergies
Nasal congestion
Hyperpigmentation caused by melasma
Medical conditions
Venous congestion in under eye blood vessels
Heredity
Environmental exposure

Treatment

Before undergoing dark circle treatment, knowing the exact causes of dark circles is very important. For instance, dark circles caused by allergies will need different treatment than that of bulging under eye fat treatment.

Some common procedures recommended by the doctors in order to get rid of dark circles include the following:

Dark Circle Eye Cream - Skin lightening creams with topical bleaching agents may be advised by a dermatologist for dark circles caused by hyperpigmentation from sun damage or melasma.

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) - IPL therapy can also be used to reduce the dark circles.

Skin Resurfacing - Laser resurfacing and chemical peel can be used in order to reduce dark circles through increasing collagen production, decreasing pigmentation problem, and improving overall skin quality.

Hyaluronic Acid Facial Fillers - Injectable fillers which contain hyaluronic acid are often used for correcting dark circles created by thinning under eye skin or tissue loss in the under eyes.

Surgery - Eyelid surgery, or blepharoplasty, is commonly the most effective way to permanently get away with the dark circles.

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