Colectomy is a surgical procedure which is done to remove all or part of the colon. The colon, also called the large intestine, is a long tube-like organ at the end of the digestive tract. Colectomy may be needed to treat or prevent diseases and conditions that affect the colon. The colon of an adult is about 4 to 6 feet long. The rectum is only the last 6 inches of the colon.

There are different types of colectomy procedures:

Total colectomy includes the removal of the entire colon.
Partial colectomy includes the removal of the part of the colon and may also be called subtotal colectomy.
Hemicolectomy involves the removal of the right or left portion of the colon.
Proctocolectomy generally involves the removal of both the colon and rectum.

Colectomy surgery often requires other procedures for reattaching the remaining portions of the digestive system and make waste to leave your body. The procedure can be performed to treat a number of diseases causing symptoms, including:

Polyps
Cancer
Bleeding
Blockage
Irritable bowel disease
Volvulus
Diverticulitis
Rectal prolapsed

Symptoms

The common symptoms of colorectal disorders include:

Abdominal bleeding
Bleeding from the rectum
Weight loss
Anemia

Cramping
Fever
Vomiting
Change in the bowel habits (constipation, new diarrhea, stool size, etc.)

Prior to the surgery, the doctor or surgeon will do tests in order to determine the cause of your symptoms. The teats may include blood work, barium anemia, CT scan, and colonoscopy etc. In case you are found to suffer from the disease that needs surgery, that is when a laparoscopic surgery will be performed. Laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery includes using multiple thin tubes placed through 3 to 5 tiny incisions. The incisions are commonly less than 0.5 cm. A thin telescope is then placed through one of the thin tubes. This enables the surgical team to look inside the abdomen on a monitor and perform the operation, using advanced and specialized surgical instruments. The procedure is usually performed under the general anesthesia.

Benefits of Colorectal Surgery

Our team of world class experts at Vimhans PrimaMed is specialized in performing minimally invasive procedures with high rate of success. The minimally invasive colorectal surgery provides different advantages, such as:

Minimal hospital stay
Less blood loss
Less pain
Shorter recovery time
Faster return to the normal activities
Phenomenal cosmetic healing

People in large numbers qualify for the minimally invasive or laparoscopic surgery.

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