Clinical chemistry uses chemical processes in order to measure levels of chemical components in the body fluid. The commonest specimen testes in clinical chemistry are urine and blood. Different teats exist to test for almost every kind of clinical components in urine or blood. The components may include blood glucose, enzymes, electrolytes, lipids, hormones, other metabolic substances, and proteins.
We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Lab Medicines have a team of brilliantly trained lab technicians, who provides more accurate results. The following is a description of some of the commonest clinical chemistry tests (used on urine and blood specimens), including some of the uses and indications:
• Blood sugar, or blood glucose, levels indicate how our body handles glucose. Testing glucose levels after fasting (when you haven’t eaten anything for eight hours) can help diagnose diabetes or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
• Electrolytes include potassium, sodium, bicarbonate, chloride, phosphorus, and magnesium. Measuring electrolytes can indicate certain metabolic and kidney diseases.
• Enzymes are commonly release into the blood by organs that are damaged or diseased. The type of enzyme released may indicate which organ is affected.