A cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure which is done to remove the gallbladder — a pear-shaped organ sits just below the liver on the upper right side of the abdomen. The gallbladder collects and stores bile, a digestive fluid produced in the liver.
In case you experience pain from gallstones that block the flow of bile, a cholecystectomy may be necessary. A cholecystectomy is a common surgery and has only a small risk of complications. In most cases, the patient can go home the same day of cholecystectomy.
A cholecystectomy is commonly performed through inserting a very small video camera and special surgical tools by making four small incisions to see inside the abdomen and remove the gallbladder. This is a minimally invasive procedure and is often called a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
One large incision may also be used for the removal of the gallbladder. This is called an open cholecystectomy.