An adrenalectomy is a surgical procedure which is performed for removing one or both of your adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are two small organs located above each kidney. They discharge or secrete hormones that help regulating many bodily functions, including the immune system, blood sugar levels, metabolism, and blood pressure control.

Causes

The conditions that can be treated by adrenalectomy include:

Dysfunctional adrenal gland
Enlarged adrenal gland
Malignant adrenal gland tumors
Cushing’s syndrome

The adrenal gland is commonly removed when there’s known cancer or a growth that might be cancer. On some occasions, a mass in the adrenal gland is removed, as it releases a hormone that may cause harmful effects:

One is pheochromocytoma, which may cause very high blood pressure.
Cushing syndrome- an adrenal mass of unknown cause

Procedure

Adrenalectomy is performed in two ways. The type of surgery you receive depends more on the problem being treated.

Open Surgery- the surgeons make one large surgical cut for the removal of the gland.

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy- it’s more common procedure than open surgery procedure. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has high success rate. It’s a minimally invasive procedure, in which a surgeon access to the adrenal glands by making some small incisions in your abdomen near belly button. The surgeon inserts a very small camera into one incision, which allows the surgeon to see the abdominal cavity on a monitor. Then, the surgeon inserts a cannula which helps him to remove the adrenal gland from its attachments. After the procedure, the small incisions are closed.

We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Minimal Invasive Surgery have a group of expert surgeons specialized in minimally invasive procedures. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy commonly has high success rate. It ensures faster recovery, minimal blood loss, minimum pain, shorter hospital stay, and maximum results.

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