Acne is a common disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest and back. They may be mild, moderate or severe. Acne appears on the skin can be of different types such as:

Occluded Pores
Red Bumps or Pimples
Pustules
Cysts

The treatment of acne depends more on the type of acne you have. Sometimes the doctor combines treatments to get the best results and avoid developing drug-resistant bacteria. The treatment may include gels and lotions you put on blemishes or sometimes entire of area of the skin, such as the back and chest. We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery have an excellent team of trained dermatologist, who take time to understand your problems and provide effective solution. Our dermatologist and cosmetic surgeons are educated and trained in top most institution across the globe.

Causes

Acne is primarily a hormonal condition generally driven my male or androgenic hormones, which become active during the teenage years. Sensitive to such hormones, combined with fatty acids within oil glands, and bacteria on the skin, cause acne.

Common cites for acne are the face, shoulders, chest and back- the sites of oil glands. Acne lesions involve blackheads, whiteheads, small bumps, and nodules and cysts.

Certain conditions may aggravate the condition, including:

Fluctuating hormone levels around the time of menses
Picking or prodding acne lesions
Clothing and headgear

Treatment

Mild Acne- Treatment for mild acne may include:

Gentle cleansing with lukewarm water and a mild soap.
Application of benzoyl peroxide, such as Brevoxy or Triaz.
Application of salicylic acid such as Stridex or Propa PH

If these treatments don’t respond to your problems, should see your doctor.

Moderate to Severe Acne- Sometimes acne needs a combination of therapies or stronger medicines. Deeper blemishes like nodules and cysts are more likely to leave scars. Therefore, the doctor may give you oral antibiotics sooner in order to start the healing. Treatment for moderate to severe acne includes:

Application of benzoyl peroxide
Application of antibiotic gels, creams, or lotions
Draining of large pimples and cysts
Applying prescription retinoids
Application of azelaic acid
Taking prescription of oral retinoids and oral antibiotics

Laser resurfacing and dermabrasion are the common procedures used for removing acne scars. In case your scars bother you, talk to a doctor. She or he may refer you to a dermatologist or a plastic surgeon.

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