Hip replacement refers to a surgical procedure in which damaged parts of the hip joint are replaced with prosthetic implants. The surgery can be divided into two: total hip replacement surgery and half replacement. Total hip replacement surgery includes replacement of both the femoral joint as well as of the hip bone (the acetabulum), while the half replacement or hemiarthroplasty involves replacing of the femoral head only. In the last few years, the Hip Replacement surgery in Delhi has become very popular, and is counted as the most popular orthopedic operations.
The procedure is done usually on the patients who have been experiencing severe hip pain for a long time and it can no longer be managed through conservative treatments. Depending more on the severity of the condition, your surgeon will advice a total hip replacement or a hemiarthroplasty. Hip replacement is often performed after a joint failure. Joint failure may occur due to different bone diseases such as traumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, hip fractures, bone tumors, avascular necrosis, and protrusion acetabuli.
Talking about the alternative to hip replacement, conservative management can be referred to as the first alternative. Conservative management may include exercises, therapy, massage, and medication etc. Doing physical exercises help strengthen the hip joint muscles. On the other hand, walking may relieve stress from a damaged and painful hip. For patients who experience hip joint pain without inflammation, physicians may suggest analgesic medication acetaminophen.
In case of inflammation, NSAIDs may be added to the treatment. Aspirin and ibuprofen are among the commonest NSAIDs. Topical analgesic products may help you offer relief from pain. Some patients find pain relief from glucosamine and chondroitin. Before settling for nutritional supplements, medicines and herbs, you must inform your doctor, so that destructive drug interactions can be avoided.
Another alternative to hip replacements surgery is hip resurfacing. It’s a minimally invasive procedure in which a cobalt chrome metal cup is placed over the femur head while another similar metal is fixed in the pelvis socket. The metal cup placed on the pelvic socket aptly replaces the articulating surface of the hip joint through removing small bone material. The metal cup is nothing but hollow with a mushroom shape. Viscosupplementation is one more alternative. It includes injection of artificial lubricants in your hip joint. This lubricant can also serve as a pain reliever. Hyalurona is an example of these lubricants.