Stroke is one of the leading reasons causing death and disability in India. A stroke is the quick loss of brain functions due to disturbance caused by blockage or hemorrhage. In a matter of time the affected area of brain cannot function that might result into the inability to move one or more limbs, inability to see one side of visual field, or inability to understand or formulate speech. A stroke doesn’t discriminate amongst its victims; it may affect people of any age group, social status or gender. Various studies reveals that one in every 500 Indians suffer from stroke.

The chances of death or disability can be reduced by recognizing the signs of stroke and getting the immediate medical help. Quick medical care and treatment can save precious lives. It can also prevent serious and long-lasting problems. Individuals who are suffering a stroke are required to get immediate medical care. It is very vital that they reach the hospital within 4-5 hours of the onset of a stroke. Time is of the utmost importance and essence.

Symptoms

Stroke symptoms may not be as painful or dramatic as a heart attack. But the outcomes can be just as life-threatening or debilitating. Stroke is an emergency.

Common symptoms of stroke include:

Sudden numbness or weakness of face, leg or arm, precisely on one side of the body.
Sudden difficulty seeing in one or both eyes.
Changes in hearing and speaking abilities
Sudden confusion or loss of memory.
Trouble walking.
Difficulty swallowing.
Sudden severe headache with no known cause.

Causes

High Blood Pressure (BP) is the most primary reason for strokes. The other risk factors are:


Diabetes
High cholesterol
Family history of stroke
Aging, especially after age 55
Smoking
Alcohol consumption

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of stroke and its risk factors using MRI Scan Brain/ CT Scan Brain, Vascular Imaging (MRA) etc.

Treatment

Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Electrical Physiology offers effective Stroke Program with Risk assessment and Counseling.

Primary Stroke Prevention- It includes the identification of potential and reversible stroke riskfactors.

Emergency Management of Stroke

Emergency Thrombolysis and Intervention: Thrombolytic Therapy of strokeutilizing rt-Pa (the institute has the expertise of emergency Stroke imaging and experienced Stroke Neurologist) (Both intra-venous and intra- arterial)

Neurointerventional therapy of specific cases of stroke with the assistance of Interventional Neuroadiologist.

Comprehensive and Compassionate treatment for hemorrhagic stroke available

Stroke Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation helps significantly in regaining functions lost from damage due to stroke. During rehabilitation, most of the patients will get better. However, many do not recover 100 percent. Unlike skin cells, nerve cells that die don’t recover and are not replaced by the new cells. But, the human brain is adaptable. Under the impeccable direction of our world class Neurologist,& Neuro-Rehabilitation team, people learn to maximize their function and resume their normal activities to the fullest point possible. This rehabilitation period is a real challenge.

The patient and his/her family work with a team of highly professionals physical, occupational, and speech therapists, along with nurses and doctors. The most of the improvement commonly takes place in the first three to six months of the process. But some patients can make exceptional progress over longer periods.

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