From the top of the head to toe, and from newly born babies to the elders, reconstructive surgery is used for treating a wide range of conditions. It is all about repairing individuals and restoring function. Reconstructive surgery is commonly performed to repair and reshape bodily structures affected by birth defects, trauma, injuries, developmental abnormalities, infections, tumors and diseases.

Utilizing different reconstructive techniques, a plastic surgeon mends holes and repairs damage generally through the transfer of tissues from one part of the body to another. The main aim of a plastic surgeon is to restore the body, or the function of a specific part of the body, to normal.

However, a plastic surgeon carrying out reconstructive surgery also tries to improve and restore appearance. Whenever possible he/she attempts to minimize the visual impact of the initial would or defect, as well as the impact of the surgery itself.

We at Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery have a team of qualified and experienced plastic and cosmetic surgeons, who perform a number of successful reconstructive surgeries each year.


Reconstructive surgery is done to treat various conditions which fall into two categories, congenital and acquired.


Congenital conditions are the ones present at birth. Some congenital conditions treated with reconstructive surgery are:

Vascular anomalies, such as birthmark
Cleft Lip and palate- By using local flaps and grafts, surgeons repair the incompletely fused areas of the palate and lip.
Prominent Ears- All manner of ears defects can be corrected through reconstructive surgery. Common technique for prominent or constricted ears is otoplasty and autogenous ear reconstruction for treating microtia.
Craniofacial Conditions- Reconstructive surgery is also used to correct different cranial and facial deformities.
Hand Deformities- Plastic surgeons can correct birth defects of the hand.


These conditions develop or occur after birth. They may involve disease and infections, or they may include accident and injury. Acquired conditions treated with reconstruction surgery are:

Cancer- Surgeons spend great amount of time operating on cancer patients. Reconstructive surgery is used to treat a wide range of cancer conditions, especially cancer of skin, head, breast, neck, and sarcoma.
Trauma- Reconstructive surgical methods are crucial for treating trauma and injury.
Infection- Reconstructive surgery is also used to the dead tissue following severe infections and repairing surrounding area.
Burns- Plastic and cosmetic surgeons are the clinicians involved in the resuscitation, surgical treatment and reconstruction of the patients who have suffered burns.


After cleaning the scalp, a surgeon will use a small needle to numb an area of the head with local anesthesia. Next, he or she will use a scalpel to remove a round section of the scalp covered with hair. Then, the scalp is sewed closed.

The surgeon will then separate the removed portion of the scalp into small sections using a sharp surgical knife and magnifying lens. Once implanted, the sections will help you achieving the natural-looking hair growth.

Surgeons will male small holes with a needle or blade in the area of the scalp receiving the hair transplant. They will gently and carefully place hair in the holes. During one treatment session, your surgeon may transplant hundreds or even thousands of hairs.

After the graft, bandages or gauze will cover the scalp for few days. A session of hair transplant may take four or more hours. The stitches will often be removed ten days after the surgery. You may require up to 3 to 4 sessions to get the full head of hair you desire.