Epilepsy is a neurological disorder generally characterized by seizures and short periods of unusual behaviour, loss of consciousness and sensations at times, due to disruption of the nerve cell activity in the brain. Epilepsy is one of the most common and serious disorders of the brain. Some reliable data estimates that 1 out of every 100 - 200 people in India suffers from the epilepsy. Though epilepsy needn’t be feared more than hypertension or diabetes, yet there is a social stigma as well as myths attached to it. However, the truth is that epilepsy can be treated and patients of epilepsy can lead a normal and healthy life.

Symptoms

The most common seizures signs and symptoms are

Loss of alertness and awareness of surrounding
Staring Spells
Involuntary and uncontrollable jerking movements of the limbs
Psychic symptoms of confusion

Causes
Common causes of epilepsy include:

Traumatic brain injury
Abnormal blood vessels in the brain
Infections, involving brain abscess, granulomas, encephalitis, meningitis and AIDS
Brain tumor
Metabolism disorders present at birth

Epilepsy

Risk Factors

Factors which may increase the risk of epilepsy are:

Age - Usually early childhood and after the age 60, however, conditions may appear at anyage
Head injuries - In some cases
Family history - Family history of epilepsy
Stroke and other vasculardiseases – Any kind of stroke induced brain damage can resultinto epilepsy
Dementia - Memory loss in older adults
Seizures in childhood - High fevers in childhood in some cases can be associated withseizures
Braininfections - Meningitis can cause infection and inflammation in the spinal cord andbrain

Diagnosis

Our doctors and physicians will do the following:

Patient medical history - Review signs & symptoms and the detailed medical historyto pin the type of epilepsy and affected area of the brain
Neurological examination & neuropsychological tests - Check behavior, memory andspeech skills, assess thinking, motor abilities and mental function
Blood tests - To check genetic conditions and infections associated with seizures
Scans – Physicians may opt for a CT scan, a PET scan, an MRI, and anElectroencephalogram (EEG) test to detect the brain abnormalities and seizure epicenter

Treatment

Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Electrical Physiology provides compassionate and comprehensive care to adults and children with seizure disorders and diseases. Our team of highly qualified doctors and surgeons strives to ensure finest results that eventually bring quality life to people.

The Epilepsy Program at the Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Electrical Physiology is led by an epileptologist. One can avail comprehensive evaluation, neurodiagnostic and treatment services that include effective Counseling, Education, Medication, Customized treatment plans, Physical evaluations, and Psychological report.

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