Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a minimally invasive, but most effective procedure which is commonly used to diagnose lung cancer, infections, and other disorders causing enlarged lymph nodes in the chest. Vimhans PrimaMed Institute of Pulmonology & Chest Medicine is one of the finest centers in India offering EBUS and remains a pioneer in volume and overall experience.


EBUS enables physicians to perform a technique known as TBNA (transbronchial needle aspiration) to obtain fluid samples or tissue from the lungs and surrounding lymph nodes without conventional surgery. The samples may well be used to diagnose and staging lung cancer, detecting infections, and identifying inflammatory diseases affecting the lungs like sarcoidosis or other cancers like lymphoma.

How EBUS is different?

Going through a conventional diagnostic procedure, a surgery known as mediastinoscopy is done to provide access to the chest. A small incision is then made in the neck just above or next to the breastbone. Thereafter, a thin scope, known as mediastinoscope, is inserted through the opening for providing access to the lungs and surrounding lymph nodes. This process leads to the collection of tissue and fluid via biopsy.

During an endobronchial ultrasound:

The doctor can perform needle aspiration on lymph nodes by utilizing a bronchoscope inserted through the mouth.

A specific endoscope fitted with a fine-gauge aspiration needle and an ultrasound processor is directed through the patient’s trachea.

Incision is not necessary.

Benefits of EBUS

It offers real-time imaging of the surface of the airways, lungs, blood vessels and lymph nodes.

The improved images enable physicians to view difficult-to-reach areas and to access more as well as smaller lymph nodes for biopsy with the aspiration needle than that of through conventional mediatinoscopy.

EBUS is performed under general anesthesia and moderate sedation

Fast recovery that patients can go home the same day.